Background: Endoscopic trigonoplasty is an experimental therapy for vesicoureteral reflux. We investigated differences in surgical results between children and adults. Methods: Endoscopic trigonoplasty was performed on 51 patients and 15 pediatric and 21 adult patients were included in this study. There was a greater proportion of bilateral disease and a higher average degree of reflux in the children's group. Results: We found no significant differences in operative time, complications, analgesics usage, the duration of the indwelling catheter and hospital stay.
Objectives: To investigate the outcomes of patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest IHCA who underwent cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR using an automated external defibrillator AED in non-monitored areas. Additionally, to detect correlated factors associated with rate of return of spontaneous circulation ROSC and survival rate, among collected data. Methods: This study included patients. After investigating patient characteristics and resuscitation-related factors, the correlated factors associated with ROSC rates and survival rate were analyzed using univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: The rate of survival to hospital discharge was